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Brain Cogn. 2012 Nov;80(2):223-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bandc.2012.07.004. Epub 2012 Aug 25.

The influence of juggling on mental rotation performance in children with spina bifida.

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Institute of Sport Science, University of Regensburg, Universitätsstr. 31, 93053 Regensburg, Germany.


This study examined the influence of juggling training on mental rotation ability in children with spina bifida. Children between the ages of 8 and 12 solved a chronometric mental rotation test. Half of the children received juggling training (EG) over an 8 week time period; the other half did not receive training (CG). Afterwards, all participants completed the mental rotation test again. Children of the EG showed a significant decrease in reaction time and an increase in mental rotation speed compared to the control group. This indicates that juggling improves the rotation in the mental rotation process in children with spina bifida.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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