Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Water Res. 2012 Nov 1;46(17):5483-5490. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2012.07.003. Epub 2012 Jul 20.

Effects of magnetic ion exchange pretreatment on low pressure membrane filtration of natural surface water.

Author information

1
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address: hahuang@jhsph.edu.
2
Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Hanyang University, 17 Haengdang-dong, Seongdong-gu, Seoul 133-791, Republic of Korea.
3
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA.
4
Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, 615 North Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA; MWH Global, 40814 Stoneburner Mill Lane, Lovettsville, VA 20180, USA.

Abstract

Magnetic ion exchange (MIEX) pretreatment has been increasingly employed by water treatment plants for removal of dissolved organic carbon (DOC). In this study, the effects of MIEX pretreatment on low pressure membrane filtration of natural surface water were investigated under different feedwater qualities, membrane properties, and MIEX dosing conditions. Regardless of feedwater DOC, moderate decrease in the total and hydraulically irreversible fouling was observed for a polyvinylidene fluoride (PVDF) microfiltration membrane and a polyethersulfone ultrafiltration (UF) membrane after MIEX pretreatment, which was coincident with moderate removals of high molecular weight DOC in the feedwaters. Comparatively, the fouling of a PVDF UF membrane did not decrease after MIEX pretreatment, revealing the impact of membrane properties on membrane fouling in the presence of MIEX pretreatment. Reuse of virgin or regenerated MIEX resulted in similar membrane fouling as observed with single use of the virgin MIEX. The level of DOC removal by MIEX was similar to the removal of MS2 bacteriophage spiked in the feedwater, suggesting a potential similarity in the removal of organic and microbial particles. In conclusion, MIEX pretreatment was effective for DOC removal, but less effective in controlling short-term membrane fouling or removing viruses.

PMID:
22929562
DOI:
10.1016/j.watres.2012.07.003
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Elsevier Science
Loading ...
Support Center