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Diabetes. 2012 Dec;61(12):3139-47. doi: 10.2337/db12-0015. Epub 2012 Aug 24.

A new role for lipocalin prostaglandin d synthase in the regulation of brown adipose tissue substrate utilization.

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1
University of Cambridge Metabolic Research Laboratories, Institute of Metabolic Science, Addenbrooke’s Treatment Centre, Addenbrooke’s Hospital, Cambridge, U.K. sv234@medschl.cam.ac.uk

Abstract

In this study, we define a new role for lipocalin prostaglandin D synthase (L-PGDS) in the control of metabolic fuel utilization by brown adipose tissue (BAT). We demonstrate that L-PGDS expression in BAT is positively correlated with BAT activity, upregulated by peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ coactivator 1α or 1β and repressed by receptor-interacting protein 140. Under cold-acclimated conditions, mice lacking L-PGDS had elevated reliance on carbohydrate to provide fuel for thermogenesis and had increased expression of genes regulating glycolysis and de novo lipogenesis in BAT. These transcriptional differences were associated with increased lipid content in BAT and a BAT lipid composition enriched with de novo synthesized lipids. Consistent with the concept that lack of L-PGDS increases glucose utilization, mice lacking L-PGDS had improved glucose tolerance after high-fat feeding. The improved glucose tolerance appeared to be independent of changes in insulin sensitivity, as insulin levels during the glucose tolerance test and insulin, leptin, and adiponectin levels were unchanged. Moreover, L-PGDS knockout mice exhibited increased expression of genes involved in thermogenesis and increased norepinephrine-stimulated glucose uptake to BAT, suggesting that sympathetically mediated changes in glucose uptake may have improved glucose tolerance. Taken together, these results suggest that L-PGDS plays an important role in the regulation of glucose utilization in vivo.

PMID:
22923471
PMCID:
PMC3501861
DOI:
10.2337/db12-0015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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