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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2013 May;63(Pt 5):1690-5. doi: 10.1099/ijs.0.041145-0. Epub 2012 Aug 24.

Xenorhabdus ishibashii sp. nov., isolated from the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema aciari.

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Laboratory of Nematology, Faculty of Agriculture, Saga University, 1 Honjo, Saga, Saga 840-8502, Japan.


Gram-negative bacteria of the genus Xenorhabdus exhibit a mutualistic association with steinernematid entomopathogenic nematodes and a pathogenic relationship with insects. Here we describe two isolates of the entomopathogenic nematode Steinernema aciari collected from China and Japan. 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity and phylogenetic analysis indicated that the isolates obtained from S. aciari belonged to the genus Xenorhabdus. Multilocus sequence analysis based on five universal protein-coding gene sequences revealed that the isolates were closely related to Xenorhabdus ehlersii DSM 16337(T) and Xenorhabdus griffiniae ID10(T) but that they exhibited <97 % sequence similarity with these reference strains, which indicated that the isolates were distinct from previously described species. Based on these genetic differences and several differential phenotypic traits, we propose that the isolates represent a novel species of the genus Xenorhabdus, for which we propose the name Xenorhabdus ishibashii sp. nov. The type strain is GDh7(T) ( = DSM 22670(T)  = CGMCC 1.9166(T)).

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