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Front Cell Infect Microbiol. 2012 Jun 12;2:79. doi: 10.3389/fcimb.2012.00079. eCollection 2012.

Deep sequencing of Porphyromonas gingivalis and comparative transcriptome analysis of a LuxS mutant.

Author information

1
Center for Oral Health and Systemic Disease, School of Dentistry, University of Louisville Louisville, KY, USA.

Abstract

Porphyromonas gingivalis is a major etiological agent in chronic and aggressive forms of periodontal disease. The organism is an asaccharolytic anaerobe and is a constituent of mixed species biofilms in a variety of microenvironments in the oral cavity. P. gingivalis expresses a range of virulence factors over which it exerts tight control. High-throughput sequencing technologies provide the opportunity to relate functional genomics to basic biology. In this study we report qualitative and quantitative RNA-Seq analysis of the transcriptome of P. gingivalis. We have also applied RNA-Seq to the transcriptome of a ΔluxS mutant of P. gingivalis deficient in AI-2-mediated bacterial communication. The transcriptome analysis confirmed the expression of all predicted ORFs for strain ATCC 33277, including 854 hypothetical proteins, and allowed the identification of hitherto unknown transcriptional units. Twelve non-coding RNAs were identified, including 11 small RNAs and one cobalamin riboswitch. Fifty-seven genes were differentially regulated in the LuxS mutant. Addition of exogenous synthetic 4,5-dihydroxy-2,3-pentanedione (DPD, AI-2 precursor) to the ΔluxS mutant culture complemented expression of a subset of genes, indicating that LuxS is involved in both AI-2 signaling and non-signaling dependent systems in P. gingivalis. This work provides an important dataset for future study of P. gingivalis pathophysiology and further defines the LuxS regulon in this oral pathogen.

KEYWORDS:

LuxS; ncRNA; periodontal pathogen

PMID:
22919670
PMCID:
PMC3422912
DOI:
10.3389/fcimb.2012.00079
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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