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World J Orthop. 2012 Aug 18;3(8):122-30. doi: 10.5312/wjo.v3.i8.122.

Instability after total hip arthroplasty.

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Brian C Werner, Thomas E Brown, Department of Orthopedic Surgery, University of Virginia, School of Medicine, Charlottesville, VA 22908, United States.


Instability following total hip arthroplasty (THA) is an unfortunately frequent and serious problem that requires thorough evaluation and preoperative planning before surgical intervention. Prevention through optimal index surgery is of great importance, as the management of an unstable THA is challenging even for an experienced joints surgeon. However, even after well-planned surgery, a significant incidence of recurrent instability still exists. Non-operative management is often successful if the components are well-fixed and correctly positioned in the absence of neurocognitive disorders. If conservative management fails, surgical options include revision of malpositioned components; exchange of modular components such as the femoral head and acetabular liner; bipolar arthroplasty; tripolar arthroplasty; use of a larger femoral head; use of a constrained liner; soft tissue reinforcement and advancement of the greater trochanter.


Bipolar arthroplasty; Constrained liner; Instability; Large femoral head; Revision; Total hip arthroplasty

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