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Enzyme Res. 2012;2012:196853. doi: 10.1155/2012/196853. Epub 2012 Jul 8.

A Thermostable Crude Endoglucanase Produced by Aspergillus fumigatus in a Novel Solid State Fermentation Process Using Isolated Free Water.

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1
Food and Biotechnology Research Centre, PCSIR Labs Complex, Ferozepur Road, Lahore 54600, Pakistan.

Abstract

Aspergillus fumigatus was grown on chopped wheat straw in a solid state fermentation (SSF) process carried out in constant presence of isolated free water inside the fermentation chamber. The system allowed maintaining a constant vapor pressure inside the fermentor throughout the fermentation process. Crude endoglucanase produced by A. fumigatus under such conditions was more thermostable than previously reported enzymes of the same fungal strain which were produced under different conditions and was also more thermostable than a number of other previously reported endoglucanases as well. Various thermostability parameters were calculated for the crude endoglucanase. Half lives (T(1/2)) of the enzyme were 6930, 866, and 36 min at 60°C, 70°C, and 80°C, respectively. Enthalpies of activation of denaturation (ΔH(D)*) were 254.04, 253.96, and 253.88 K J mole(-1), at 60°C, 70°C and 80°C, respectively, whereas entropies of activation of denaturation (ΔS(D)*) and free energy changes of activation of denaturation (ΔG(D)*) were 406.45, 401.01, and 406.07 J mole(-1) K(-1) and 118.69, 116.41, and 110.53 K J mole(-1) at 60°C, 70°C and 80°C, respectively.

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