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Anal Biochem. 1990 Nov 1;190(2):259-65.

Determination of 4-hydroxyproline in collagen by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry.

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Department of Surgery, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Erratum in

  • Anal Biochem 1992 Oct;206(1):214.


Derivatization of 4-hydroxyproline (Hyp) in collagen using trifluoroacetylation and methanol esterification produces two derivatives when analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS). The diacyl derivative N,O-bis(trifluoroacetyl)-4-hydroxy-L-proline methyl ester (N,O-TFA-Hyp) formed in this manner has a shorter retention time and different fragmentation pattern by GC/MS as compared to the slower eluting monoacetylated species N-trifluoroacetyl-4-hydroxy-L-proline methyl ester (N-TFA-Hyp). By selected ion monitoring of the appropriate ions of either N,O-TFA-Hyp (m/z 164, 278) or N-TFA-Hyp (m/z 164, 182) efficient quantitation of Hyp in collagen is possible within the broad range of 5-1000 ng with a lower limit of detection of 0.5 ng per injection. Measurement of 18O2 incorporation into collagen is possible by selected ion monitoring of the m/z 182 ion formed only from the monoacetylated derivative, N-TFA-Hyp, produced by methanol solvolysis of the N,O-TFA-Hyp derivative, as proposed herein.

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