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Biochem Genet. 2012 Dec;50(11-12):908-21. doi: 10.1007/s10528-012-9531-3. Epub 2012 Aug 22.

Comparative transcriptomic profiling of two tomato lines with different ascorbate content in the fruit.

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  • 1Department of Soil, Plant, Environmental and Animal Sciences, University of Naples Federico II, Via Università 100, 80055, Portici, Italy.


In recent years, interest in tomato breeding for enhanced antioxidant content has increased as medical research has pointed to human health benefits from antioxidant dietary intake. Ascorbate is one of the major antioxidants present in tomato, and little is known about mechanisms governing ascorbate pool size in this fruit. In order to provide further insights into genetic mechanisms controlling ascorbate biosynthesis and accumulation in tomato, we investigated the fruit transcriptome profile of the Solanum pennellii introgression line 10-1 that exhibits a lower fruit ascorbate level than its cultivated parental genotype. Our results showed that this reduced ascorbate level is associated with an increased antioxidant demand arising from an accelerated oxidative metabolism mainly involving mitochondria, peroxisomes, and cytoplasm. Candidate genes for controlling ascorbate level in tomato fruit were identified, highlighting the role of glycolysis, glyoxylate metabolism, and purine breakdown in modulating the ascorbate pool size.

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