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PLoS Pathog. 2012;8(7):e1002829. doi: 10.1371/journal.ppat.1002829. Epub 2012 Jul 26.

MAP-kinase regulated cytosolic phospholipase A2 activity is essential for production of infectious hepatitis C virus particles.

Author information

1
Division of Experimental Virology, TWINCORE, Centre for Experimental and Clinical Infection Research, Hannover, Germany.

Abstract

Hepatitis C virus (HCV) has infected around 160 million individuals. Current therapies have limited efficacy and are fraught with side effects. To identify cellular HCV dependency factors, possible therapeutic targets, we manipulated signaling cascades with pathway-specific inhibitors. Using this approach we identified the MAPK/ERK regulated, cytosolic, calcium-dependent, group IVA phospholipase A2 (PLA2G4A) as a novel HCV dependency factor. Inhibition of PLA2G4A activity reduced core protein abundance at lipid droplets, core envelopment and secretion of particles. Moreover, released particles displayed aberrant protein composition and were 100-fold less infectious. Exogenous addition of arachidonic acid, the cleavage product of PLA2G4A-catalyzed lipolysis, but not other related poly-unsaturated fatty acids restored infectivity. Strikingly, production of infectious Dengue virus, a relative of HCV, was also dependent on PLA2G4A. These results highlight previously unrecognized parallels in the assembly pathways of these human pathogens, and define PLA2G4A-dependent lipolysis as crucial prerequisite for production of highly infectious viral progeny.

PMID:
22911431
PMCID:
PMC3406102
DOI:
10.1371/journal.ppat.1002829
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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