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J Urol. 2012 Oct;188(4 Suppl):1608-12. doi: 10.1016/j.juro.2012.06.032. Epub 2012 Aug 19.

The RIVUR voiding cystourethrogram pilot study: experience with radiologic reading concordance.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, State University of New York at Buffalo School of Medicine & Biomedical Sciences, Buffalo, New York, USA. spg@buffalo.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Two reference radiologists independently review voiding cystourethrograms for the National Institutes of Health sponsored RIVUR (Randomized Intervention for Children with Vesicoureteral Reflux) trial for children with vesicoureteral reflux. A pilot study was required from all clinical centers before enrolling patients.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Digital images were reviewed. Responses were compared and discrepancies adjudicated by teleconference to a final assessment.

RESULTS:

A total of 75 studies from 19 sites were reviewed. Discrepancies in vesicoureteral reflux grade level were noted on the left and right side in 11 (15%, kappa 0.85) and 12 (16%, kappa 0.83) ureters, respectively. Other areas of disagreement were the presence of paraureteral diverticulum (left 11%, kappa 0.31; right 9%, kappa 0.34), urethral anatomy (15%, kappa 0.33), whether the child voided (8%, kappa 0.21), the presence of ureteral duplication (left 7%, kappa 0.64; right 3%, kappa 0.78) and the presence of bladder trabeculation (5%, kappa 0.32). Of 83 ureters in which reflux was seen there was grade disagreement about 23 (28%). Of 61 ureters initially assessed as grade II or III reflux by both readers, there was disagreement on 9 (15%). Of these 9 discrepancies 7 (78%) were adjudicated to the higher grade (grade III).

CONCLUSIONS:

Discrepancies in the assessment of intermediate grade vesicoureteral reflux were noteworthy. Recommendations for patients with grade II or III reflux advanced by studies which rely on a single reading, which categorize only grade III or higher reflux as significant, may not be valid.

PMID:
22910235
PMCID:
PMC4899826
DOI:
10.1016/j.juro.2012.06.032
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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