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Neonatal Netw. 2012 Sep-Oct;31(5):311-6. doi: 10.1891/0730-0832.31.5.311.

Music therapy research in the NICU: an updated meta-analysis.

Author information

1
College of Music, The Florida State University, Tallahassee, 32306-1180, USA. jstandley@fsu.edu

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To provide an overview of developmental and medical benefits of music therapy for preterm infants.

DESIGN:

Meta-analysis.

SAMPLE:

Empirical music studies with preterm infants in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU).

MAIN OUTCOME:

Evidence-based NICU music therapy (NICU -MT ) was highly beneficial with an overall large significant effect size (Cohen's d = 0.82). Effects because of music were consistently in a positive direction.

RESULTS:

Results of the current analysis replicated findings of a prior meta-analysis and included extended use of music.(1) Benefits were greatest for live music therapy (MT ) and for use early in the infant's NICU stay (birth weight <1,000 g, birth postmenstrual age <28 weeks). Results justify strong consideration for the inclusion of the following evidence-based NICU -MT protocols in best practice standards for NICU treatment of preterm infants: music listening for pacification, music reinforcement of sucking, and music pacification as the basis for multilayered, multimodal stimulation.

PMID:
22908052
DOI:
10.1891/0730-0832.31.5.311
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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