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Magn Reson Med. 2013 Jul;70(1):25-32. doi: 10.1002/mrm.24455. Epub 2012 Aug 20.

Optimized quantitative magnetic resonance spectroscopy for clinical routine.

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Support Center for Advanced Neuroimaging, Institute for Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology, Inselspital, Berne University Hospital, University of Berne, Switzerland.


Several practical obstacles in data handling and evaluation complicate the use of quantitative localized magnetic resonance spectroscopy (qMRS) in clinical routine MR examinations. To overcome these obstacles, a clinically feasible MR pulse sequence protocol based on standard available MR pulse sequences for qMRS has been implemented along with newly added functionalities to the free software package jMRUI-v5.0 to make qMRS attractive for clinical routine. This enables (a) easy and fast DICOM data transfer from the MR console and the qMRS-computer, (b) visualization of combined MR spectroscopy and imaging, (c) creation and network transfer of spectroscopy reports in DICOM format, (d) integration of advanced water reference models for absolute quantification, and (e) setup of databases containing normal metabolite concentrations of healthy subjects. To demonstrate the work-flow of qMRS using these implementations, databases for normal metabolite concentration in different regions of brain tissue were created using spectroscopic data acquired in 55 normal subjects (age range 6-61 years) using 1.5T and 3T MR systems, and illustrated in one clinical case of typical brain tumor (primitive neuroectodermal tumor). The MR pulse sequence protocol and newly implemented software functionalities facilitate the incorporation of qMRS and reference to normal value metabolite concentration data in daily clinical routine.

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