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Health Educ Res. 2012 Oct;27(5):857-67. doi: 10.1093/her/cys091. Epub 2012 Aug 20.

Enhancing planning strategies for sunscreen use at different stages of change.

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1
Department of Psychology, Babes-Bolyai University, Republicii 37, 400015, Cluj-Napoca, Romania. catrinelcraciun@yahoo.com

Abstract

To promote sun safety by implementing different plans for sunscreen use, different psychological interventions are compared. Self-regulatory strategies such as action planning and coping planning are seen as proximal predictors of actual behavior. The study compares a pure planning intervention with a broader resource communication and examines differential effects at different stages of change. A sun safety online study was designed with two intervention groups (resource communication versus planning) and one control group at two assessment points, 2 weeks apart. Participants (N = 292) were grouped post hoc according to their stage of change, resulting in 51 pre-intenders (no intention to use sunscreen), 102 intenders (high intention but no regular use of sunscreen) and 139 actors (sunscreen use on a regular basis). No overall treatment effects on planning, but an interaction between time, stage and intervention emerged. The resource communication was more effective for pre-intenders, whereas the planning intervention proved more effective for intenders. A planning treatment was more beneficial in motivated individuals, whereas a broader approach was better for unmotivated ones. Findings highlight the potential that stage-matched interventions might have in the context of sun safety promotion.

PMID:
22907532
DOI:
10.1093/her/cys091
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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