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Expert Rev Med Devices. 2012 Jul;9(4):367-76. doi: 10.1586/erd.12.18.

Remote monitoring of cardiovascular implanted electronic devices: a paradigm shift for the 21st century.

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Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Section of Electrophysiology and Pacing, Cleveland Clinic, J2-2, 9500 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH 44106, USA.


Traditional follow-up of cardiac implantable electronic devices involves the intermittent download of largely nonactionable data. Remote monitoring represents a paradigm shift from episodic office-based follow-up to continuous monitoring of device performance and patient and disease state. This lessens device clinical burden and may also lead to cost savings, although data on economic impact are only beginning to emerge. Remote monitoring technology has the potential to improve the outcomes through earlier detection of arrhythmias and compromised device integrity, and possibly predict heart failure hospitalizations through integration of heart failure diagnostics and hemodynamic monitors. Remote monitoring platforms are also huge databases of patients and devices, offering unprecedented opportunities to investigate real-world outcomes. Here, the current status of the field is described and future directions are predicted.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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