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Org Biomol Chem. 2012 Oct 14;10(38):7753-62. doi: 10.1039/c2ob26162f.

Between two worlds: a comparative study on in vitro and in silico inhibition of trypsin and matriptase by redox-stable SFTI-1 variants at near physiological pH.

Author information

1
Clemens-Schöpf Institute of Organic Chemistry and Biochemistry, Technische Universität Darmstadt, Petersenstr. 22, 64287 Darmstadt, Germany.

Abstract

A comparative study on in vitro and in silico inhibition of trypsin and matriptase by derivatives of the sunflower trypsin inhibitor-1 at near physiological pH is reported. Besides wild-type bicyclic SFTI-1, monocyclic variants possessing native cystine as well as redox-stable triazolyl side-chain macrocyclization motifs were studied for the first time in matriptase inhibition assays. Interestingly, monocyclic SFTI-1[1,14] demonstrated higher potency against this pharmacologically relevant protease compared to its bicyclic counterpart. Structural analysis of binding/inhibition of investigated SFTI-1 derivatives was performed using a combination of molecular dynamics simulations and docking experiments. In silico data were in good accordance with in vitro results, indicating the importance of the terminal inhibitor regions for the affinity towards matriptase. Presented work gives new perspectives for the optimization of the SFTI-1 framework towards in vivo applications.

PMID:
22903577
DOI:
10.1039/c2ob26162f
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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