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Biologicals. 2012 Nov;40(6):482-94. doi: 10.1016/j.biologicals.2012.06.005. Epub 2012 Aug 17.

Evaluation of tumorigenic potential of high yielding cloned MDCK cells for live-attenuated influenza vaccine using in vitro growth characteristics, metastatic gene expression and in vivo nude mice model.

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MedImmune, 3055 Patrick Henry Drive, Santa Clara, CA 95054, USA.


Several mammalian cell lines, including Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells have been approved by regulators for manufacturing of human vaccines. A new MDCK 9B9-1E4 cloned cell line has been created which is capable of producing live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) with high yield. This cell line was shown to be non tumorigenic in eight week old adult athymic nude mouse model. This property is desirable for vaccine production and is unique to this cell line and is not known to be shared by other MDCK cell lines that are currently used for vaccine production. This significant difference in tumorigenic phenotype required further characterization of this cell line to ensure its safety for use in vaccine production. This is particularly important for LAIV production where it is not possible to incorporate a virus inactivation and/or removal step during manufacturing. Characterization of this cell line included extensive adventitious agent testing, tumorigenicity and oncogenicity assessment studies. Here, we describe the development of tumorigenic MDCK cell lines for use as positive controls and in vitro methods to aid in the evaluation of the tumorigenicity of MDCK 9B9-1E4 cloned cells. Tumorigenic MDCK cells were successfully generated following Hras and cMyc oncogene transfection of MDCK 9B9-1E4 cloned cells. In this study we demonstrate the lack of tumorigenic potential of the MDCK 9B9-1E4 cloned cell line in adult athymic nude mice model.

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