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Transplantation. 2012 Sep 27;94(6):652-8.

Donor clara cell secretory protein polymorphism is a risk factor for bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome after lung transplantation.

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  • 1Heart and Lung Transplant Unit, Department of Allergy, Immunology and Respiratory Medicine, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We hypothesized that a reduced potential for bronchiolar stem-cell (Clara cell)-related repair in the setting of an ever-present risk of small airway injury would increase the risk of bronchiolitis obliterans syndrome (BOS).

METHOD:

CCSP A38G gene polymorphism was assessed in both lung donors and recipients in a longitudinal study cohort of 63 consecutive lung transplant recipients (LTR) with a median follow-up of 493 days (range, 26-894). Clara cell secretory protein (CCSP) and interleukin 8 levels were assessed in the bronchoalveolar lavage and plasma at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months after transplantation. CCSP-positive cells were assessed in transbronchial biopsies at 1 and 3 months.

RESULTS:

Of the 63 LTR, there were 5 early deaths (≤90 days, 8% [95% confidence interval, 4%-21%]), and 20 developed BOS (32%, [95% confidence interval, 21%-45%]). Donor but not recipient CCSP A38G polymorphism was associated with more risk of BOS (relative risk, 8.6 [2.2-33.5], P<0.0001) and decreased overall survival (log-rank test, P=0.011). Bronchoalveolar lavage CCSP and CCSP/interleukin 8 levels were low and decreasing early after transplantation in LTR who developed BOS (P=0.015). CCSP+ve cells in transbronchial biopsies increased at 3 months only in LTR who remained free of BOS (P=0.003).

CONCLUSION:

Donor CCSP A38G polymorphism is associated with decreased CCSP levels early after lung transplantation and poor long-term outcomes.

PMID:
22902791
DOI:
10.1097/TP.0b013e31825ffca6
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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