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Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin. 2013 Feb;31(2):93-6. doi: 10.1016/j.eimc.2012.06.012. Epub 2012 Aug 15.

[Early diagnosis of congenital cytomegalovirus infection: lost opportunities].

[Article in Spanish]

Author information

1
Departamento de Pediatría, Hospital Universitario 12 de Octubre, Madrid, España.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection is the most common congenital infection in Europe. Symptoms are present at birth in 10% of infected children, and up to 30-40% have some degree of hearing loss after the newborn period.

METHODS:

A retrospective study was performed over a period of 4 years and included all patients with congenital CMV infection diagnosed after the neonatal period using the dried blood spots from neonatal metabolic screening.

RESULTS:

We present 5 patients diagnosed with congenital CMV infection outside the neonatal period. The main reasons for consultation were hearing loss and/or neurological impairment in the first few months of life.

DISCUSSION:

Congenital CMV infection may be mildly symptomatic at birth, and present as hearing loss and/or neurological impairment in infancy. Therefore, a high degree of suspicion is necessary in order to make an accurate diagnosis and start specific treatment to improve the outcome.

PMID:
22902268
DOI:
10.1016/j.eimc.2012.06.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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