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Immunity. 2012 Aug 24;37(2):314-25. doi: 10.1016/j.immuni.2012.05.026. Epub 2012 Aug 16.

The CD100 receptor interacts with its plexin B2 ligand to regulate epidermal γδ T cell function.

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1
Department of Immunology and Microbial Science, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, CA 92037, USA.

Abstract

γδ T cells respond rapidly to keratinocyte damage, providing essential contributions to the skin wound healing process. The molecular interactions regulating their response are unknown. Here, we identify a role for interaction of plexin B2 with the CD100 receptor in epithelial repair. In vitro blocking of plexin B2 or CD100 inhibited γδ T cell activation. Furthermore, CD100 deficiency in vivo resulted in delayed repair of cutaneous wounds due to a disrupted γδ T cell response to keratinocyte damage. Ligation of CD100 in γδ T cells induced cellular rounding via signals through ERK kinase and cofilin. Defects in this rounding process were evident in the absence of CD100-mediated signals, thereby providing a mechanistic explanation for the defective wound healing in CD100-deficient animals. The discovery of immune functions for plexin B2 and CD100 provides insight into the complex cell-cell interactions between epithelial resident γδ T cells and the neighboring cells they support.

PMID:
22902232
PMCID:
PMC3430606
DOI:
10.1016/j.immuni.2012.05.026
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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