Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Presse Med. 2012 Oct;41(10):937-47. doi: 10.1016/j.lpm.2012.07.005. Epub 2012 Aug 14.

[Giant-cell arteritis pathogenesis].

[Article in French]

Author information

CHU de Dijon, service de médecine interne et immunologie clinique, 21000 Dijon, France.


Giant-cell arteritis (GCA) involves larges arteries, especially aorta and extra-cranial branches of external carotid. Histo-pathological lesions affect all the layers of the artery leading to a segmental and focal panarteritis with a polymorphic cell infiltrate including T cells, macrophages and multinucleated giant cells, a fragmented internal elastic lamina and an intimal hyperplasia. The pathophysiology of GCA is not fully understood. After dendritic cell activation in the adventitia, CD4T cells are recruited in the arterial wall and polarized into Th1 and Th17 cells that produce IFN-γ and IL-17. These cytokines activate macrophages, giant cells and smooth muscle cells inducing vascular remodeling leading to ischemic manifestations of GCA. Macrophages infiltrating the adventitia produce IL-1β and IL-6 that are responsible for general symptoms encountered in GCA. In this review, we discuss GCA pathogenesis, with emphasis on the role of IL-6 as a promising therapeutic target.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center