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J Clin Pediatr Dent. 2011 Fall;36(1):43-7.

Oral health status of autistic children in India.

Author information

1
Department Of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry, The Oxford Dental College, Hospitaland Research Centre, Bommanahalli, Hosur Road, Bangalore-560068, Karnataka, India. drpriyapedo@yahoo.com

Abstract

Autism is one of the most severe childhood neuropsychiatric disorders. Autistic individuals are characterized by impairment in social interaction with a restricted range of interests and often, stereotyped repetitive behaviors. Studies on oral health conditions in children with autism are sparse. The complicated disability itself makes clinical research difficult.

AIM:

The need for baseline information regarding the oral health status of children with autism is essential.

METHOD:

The present study assessed the oral health status of 106 autistic children aged 4 to 15 years in Bangalore city, India. The dental caries was recorded according to the WHO criteria; oral hygiene was assessed using the oral hygiene index-simplified (OHI-S) and its modification for deciduous dentition. The behavior of children towards dental treatment was also assessed using the Frankel's behavior rating scale. Data obtained was subjected to statistical analysis.

RESULTS:

showed that caries experience among autistic children was lower; however they were found to have more debris and calculus deposits.

CONCLUSIONS:

Negative behavior towards dental treatment was seen in autistic children.

PMID:
22900443
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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