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Psychol Rep. 2012 Jun;110(3):1026-8.

English adaptation versus mother tongue: reliability of the English version of MODDI-F administered to Hong Kong Chinese college students.

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Department of Social Work, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, China.


Two samples of Hong Kong college students completed the English and the Chinese version of the Multidimensional Orientation Toward Dying and Death Inventory (MODDI-F), respectively. Results show substantially lower coefficients of internal consistency in the English version when compared with its Chinese counterpart. The construct validity of the instrument, i.e., the statistical relationships between its subtests, was confirmed. Whenever available, the use of a questionnaire that is worded in the participants' mother tongue is recommended.

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