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Cytometry A. 2012 Oct;81(10):922-8. doi: 10.1002/cyto.a.22155. Epub 2012 Aug 14.

A high-throughput, flow cytometry-based method to quantify DNA-end resection in mammalian cells.

Author information

1
The Gurdon Institute and Department of Biochemistry, University of Cambridge, CB2 1QN Cambridge, United Kingdom. j.forment@gurdon.cam.ac.uk

Abstract

Replication protein A (RPA) is an essential trimeric protein complex that binds to single-stranded DNA (ssDNA) in eukaryotic cells and is involved in various aspects of cellular DNA metabolism, including replication and repair. Although RPA is ubiquitously expressed throughout the cell cycle, it localizes to DNA replication forks during S phase, and is recruited to sites of DNA damage when regions of ssDNA are exposed. During DNA double-strand break (DSB) repair by homologous recombination (HR), RPA recruitment to DNA damage sites depends on a process termed DNA-end resection. Consequently, RPA recruitment to sub-nuclear regions bearing DSBs has been used as readout for resection and for ongoing HR. Quantification of RPA recruitment by immunofluorescence-based microscopy techniques is time consuming and requires extensive image analysis of relatively small populations of cells. Here, we present a high-throughput flow-cytometry method that allows the use of RPA staining to measure cell proliferation and DNA-damage repair by HR in an unprecedented, unbiased and quantitative manner.

PMID:
22893507
PMCID:
PMC3601416
DOI:
10.1002/cyto.a.22155
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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