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Mol Biosyst. 2012 Nov;8(11):2815-27. doi: 10.1039/c2mb25201e. Epub 2012 Aug 15.

Computational models for large-scale simulations of facilitated diffusion.

Author information

1
Cambridge Systems Biology Centre, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 1QR, UK. n.r.zabet@gen.cam.ac.uk

Abstract

The binding of site-specific transcription factors to their genomic target sites is a key step in gene regulation. While the genome is huge, transcription factors belong to the least abundant protein classes in the cell. It is therefore fascinating how short the time frame is that they require to home in on their target sites. The underlying search mechanism is called facilitated diffusion and assumes a combination of three-dimensional diffusion in the space around the DNA combined with one-dimensional random walk on it. In this review, we present the current understanding of the facilitated diffusion mechanism and identify questions that lack a clear or detailed answer. One way to investigate these questions is through stochastic simulation and, in this manuscript, we support the idea that such simulations are able to address them. Finally, we review which biological parameters need to be included in such computational models in order to obtain a detailed representation of the actual process.

PMID:
22892851
PMCID:
PMC4007627
DOI:
10.1039/c2mb25201e
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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