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Bioorg Med Chem Lett. 2012 Sep 15;22(18):5924-9. doi: 10.1016/j.bmcl.2012.07.066. Epub 2012 Jul 27.

β-D-2'-α-F-2'-β-C-Methyl-6-O-substituted 3',5'-cyclic phosphate nucleotide prodrugs as inhibitors of hepatitis C virus replication: a structure-activity relationship study.

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  • 1Pharmasset, Inc., Princeton 303A College Road East, Princeton, NJ 08540, USA.


The 3',5'-cyclic phosphate prodrug 9-[β-d-2'-deoxy-2'-α-fluoro-2'-β-C-methylribofuranosyl]-2-amino-6-ethoxypurine, PSI-352938 1, has demonstrated promising anti-HCV efficacy in vitro and in human clinical trials. A structure-activity relationship study of the nucleoside 3',5'-cyclic phosphate series of β-d-2'-deoxy-2'-α-fluoro-2'-β-C-methylribofuranosyl nucleoside prodrugs was undertaken and the anti-HCV activity and in vitro safety profile were assessed. Cycloalkyl 3',5'-cyclic phosphate prodrugs were shown to be significantly more potent as inhibitors of HCV replication than branched and straight chain alkyl 3',5'-cyclic phosphate prodrugs. No cytotoxicity and mitochondrial toxicity for prodrugs 12, 13 and 19 were observed at concentrations up to 100 μm in vitro. Cycloalkyl esters of 3',5'-cyclic phosphate nucleotide prodrugs demonstrated the ability to produce high levels of active triphosphate in clone-A cells and primary human hepatocytes. Compounds 12, 13 and 19 also demonstrated the ability to effectively deliver in vivo high levels of active nucleoside phosphates to rat liver.

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