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Neuroepidemiology. 2012;39(2):125-30. doi: 10.1159/000337163. Epub 2012 Aug 9.

Population-based estimates of neuroendovascular procedures: results of a state-wide study.

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1
Zeenat Qureshi Stroke Research Center, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN 55455, USA. qureshai@gmail.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The Brain Attack Coalition identified the availability of neuroendovascular procedures as an essential component of a comprehensive stroke center.

OBJECTIVE:

To provide population-based estimates of neuroendovascular procedures.

METHODS:

State-wide estimates of cervicocerebral angiograms, endovascular ischemic stroke treatments, carotid angioplasty and stent placements, intracranial angioplasty and stent placements, endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms, and endovascular treatment of intracranial arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) were obtained. We calculated the annual incidence rates of various neuroendovascular and neurosurgical procedures (per 100,000 persons). For the denominator, total persons in each year were categorized in 10-year age intervals.

RESULTS:

The incidence of carotid endarterectomy (387.6 per 100,000 persons) and carotid stent placement (34.7 per 100,000 persons) peaked at 75-84 years. The incidence of aneurysm embolization also peaked in that population bracket (67.9 per 100,000 persons), yet there was a dramatic reduction in the incidence of surgical aneurysm treatment (3.6 per 100,000 persons) in those aged 75-84 years. There was a prominent reduction in the incidence of all procedures in the population aged ≥85 years, except for intravenous/intra-arterial thrombolytic use in ischemic stroke. The incidence of ischemic stroke increased almost by 50% in the population aged ≥85 years compared to those aged 75-84 years. However, the incidence of endovascular procedures for acute ischemic stroke decreased from 22.8 per 100,000 persons in the population aged 75-84 years to 13.2 per 100,000 persons in the population aged ≥85 years.

CONCLUSIONS:

A marked disproportion of neuroendovascular procedures performed and disease prevalence was noted in persons aged ≥85 years, an increasing segment of the population according to recent Census.

PMID:
22890506
DOI:
10.1159/000337163
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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