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Semin Pediatr Neurol. 2012 Sep;19(3):96-100. doi: 10.1016/j.spen.2012.02.004.

Neurologic complications of influenza.

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1
Division of Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, UT 84108, USA. jeffrey.ekstrand@hsc.utah.edu

Abstract

Neurologic complications associated with influenza infection represent rare, but often underappreciated, manifestations of both seasonal and global pandemic influenza. Seizures are the most common neurologic complication, occurring as febrile seizures, as exacerbations in patients with epilepsy, or as symptoms of other influenza-induced neurologic disorders. Encephalopathy is the second most common neurologic complication associated with influenza. A wide spectrum of conditions ranging from coma with severe long-term morbidity or mortality and more mild altered mental states that resolve with minimal-to-no sequelae have been reported. Other less common neurologic complications that have been described include stroke, focal neurologic deficits, Guillain-Barré syndrome, acute disseminated encephalomyelitis, and transverse myelitis.

PMID:
22889537
DOI:
10.1016/j.spen.2012.02.004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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