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Nano Lett. 2012 Sep 12;12(9):4966-70. doi: 10.1021/nl302562f. Epub 2012 Aug 16.

Strain-induced spin states in atomically ordered cobaltites.

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Materials Science and Technology Division, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831, United States.


Epitaxial strain imposed in complex oxide thin films by heteroepitaxy is recognized as a powerful tool for identifying new properties and exploring the vast potential of materials performance. A particular example is LaCoO(3), a zero spin, nonmagnetic material in the bulk, whose strong ferromagnetism in a thin film remains enigmatic despite a decade of intense research. Here, we use scanning transmission electron microscopy complemented by X-ray and optical spectroscopy to study LaCoO(3) epitaxial thin films under different strain states. We observed an unconventional strain relaxation behavior resulting in stripe-like, lattice modulated patterns, which did not involve uncontrolled misfit dislocations or other defects. The modulation entails the formation of ferromagnetically ordered sheets comprising intermediate or high spin Co(3+), thus offering an unambiguous description for the exotic magnetism found in epitaxially strained LaCoO(3) films. This observation provides a novel route to tailoring the electronic and magnetic properties of functional oxide heterostructures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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