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Eur J Cardiothorac Surg. 2012 Sep;42(3):462-9. doi: 10.1093/ejcts/ezs363.

Long-term results and mid-term features of left ventricular reconstruction procedures on left ventricular volume, geometry, function and mitral regurgitation.

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Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Tokai University School of Medicine, Isehara, Japan.



We retrospectively analysed the long-term results and mid-term features of the surgical procedures on left ventricular (LV) volume, geometry, function and mitral regurgitation (MR) in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy (antero-septal dominant) who underwent LV reconstruction (LVR).


The LVR was mainly accomplished by the Dor procedure, modified by the Fontan stitch maintained by the base of the LV septum prior to the flattened-out elliptical patch closure. Other techniques such as the linear closure or septal anterior ventricular exclusion (SAVE) were used when indicated. Sixty patients were divided into three groups, undergoing LVR with the Dor procedure (n = 40), linear closure (n = 12) or SAVE (n = 8). The LV function, volume and sphericity (eccentricity index) were logged before the operation and 1 year after.


Survivors (79% at 7 years) showed a significant improvement in the LV ejection fraction from 35.1 ± 8.1 to 43.5 ± 11.5% and NYHA status from 2.9 ± 0.7 to 1.3 ± 0.6. The LV end-systolic volume index was significantly reduced from 110.3 ± 35.9 to 57.8 ± 20.7 ml/m(2) in the Dor, from 71.9 ± 10.3 to 52.9 ± 19.4 ml/m(2) in the linear closure and from 93.1 ± 14.5 to 47.9 ± 15.7 ml/m(2) in the SAVE group. The postoperative changes in the Dor group are characterized by the reduction in the significantly larger LV volume and a more spherical chamber (systolic eccentricity index from 0.82 ± 0.10 to 0.80 ± 0.09), although not significantly so compared with other techniques. The MR grade measured on echocardiography was reduced (from 1.9 ± 0.8 to 1.7 ± 0.8), with postoperative moderate MR in four Dor patients.


Despite the more spherical LV change, LVR led to a significant volume reduction (45%), still maintaining its physiological shape that confirmed an improved LV function and better long-term results. The Dor procedure could significantly reduce the larger LV volume without losing the end-systolic elliptical shape and mitral valvular competence like other techniques without the Fontan stitch.

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