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Arthritis Rheum. 2012 Nov;64(11):3594-603. doi: 10.1002/art.34658.

Genetic control of antibody production during collagen-induced arthritis development in heterogeneous stock mice.

Author information

1
Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To identify genetic factors driving pathogenic autoantibody formation in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), a mouse model of rheumatoid arthritis (RA), in order to better understand the etiology of RA and identify possible new avenues for therapeutic intervention.

METHODS:

We performed a genome-wide analysis of quantitative trait loci controlling autoantibody to type II collagen (anti-CII), anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA), and rheumatoid factor (RF). To identify loci controlling autoantibody production, we induced CIA in a heterogeneous stock-derived mouse cohort, with contribution of 8 inbred mouse strains backcrossed to C57BL/10.Q. Serum samples were collected from 1,640 mice before arthritis onset and at the peak of the disease. Antibody concentrations were measured by standard enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay, and linkage analysis was performed using a linear regression-based method.

RESULTS:

We identified loci controlling formation of anti-CII of different IgG isotypes (IgG1, IgG3), antibodies to major CII epitopes (C1, J1, U1), antibodies to a citrullinated CII peptide (citC1), and RF. The anti-CII, ACPA, and RF responses were all found to be controlled by distinct genes, one of the most important loci being the immunoglobulin heavy chain locus.

CONCLUSION:

This comprehensive genetic analysis of autoantibody formation in CIA demonstrates an association not only of anti-CII, but interestingly also of ACPA and RF, with arthritis development in mice. These results underscore the importance of non-major histocompatibility complex genes in controlling the formation of clinically relevant autoantibodies.

PMID:
22886420
DOI:
10.1002/art.34658
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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