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Radiother Oncol. 2012 Aug;104(2):205-12. doi: 10.1016/j.radonc.2012.07.005. Epub 2012 Aug 8.

Dosimetric explanations of fatigue in head and neck radiotherapy: an analysis from the PARSPORT Phase III trial.

Author information

1
Institute of Cancer Research, UK. sarahg@icr.ac.uk

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

An unexpected finding from the phase III parotid sparing radiotherapy trial, PARSPORT (ISRCTN48243537, CRUK/03/005), was a statistically significant increase in acute fatigue for those patients who were treated with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) compared to standard conventional radiotherapy (CRT). One possible explanation was the difference in dose to central nervous system (CNS) structures due to differing beam portals. Using data from the trial, a dosimetric analysis of individual CNS structures was performed.

METHOD:

Dosimetric and toxicity data were available for 67 patients (27 CRT, 40 IMRT). Retrospective delineation of the posterior fossa, brainstem, cerebellum, pituitary gland, pineal gland, hypothalamus, hippocampus and basal ganglia was performed. Dosimetry was reviewed using summary statistics and dose-volume atlases.

RESULTS:

A statistically significant increase in maximum and mean doses to each structure was observed for patients who received IMRT compared to those who received CRT. Both maximum and mean doses were significantly higher for the posterior fossa, brainstem and cerebellum for the 42 patients who reported acute fatigue of Grade 2 or higher (p ≤ 0.01) compared to the 25 who did not. Dose-volume atlases of the same structures indicated that regions representing larger volumes and higher doses to each structure were consistent with a higher incidence of acute fatigue. There was no association between the dose distribution and acute fatigue for the other structures tested.

CONCLUSIONS:

The excess fatigue reported in the IMRT arm of the trial may, at least in part, be attributed to the dose distribution to the posterior fossa, cerebellum and brainstem. Future studies that modify dose delivery to these structures may allow us to test the hypothesis that radiation-induced fatigue is avoidable.

PMID:
22883107
DOI:
10.1016/j.radonc.2012.07.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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