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Bioorg Med Chem. 2013 Mar 15;21(6):1534-8. doi: 10.1016/j.bmc.2012.07.024. Epub 2012 Jul 23.

The alpha-carbonic anhydrase from the thermophilic bacterium Sulfurihydrogenibium yellowstonense YO3AOP1 is highly susceptible to inhibition by sulfonamides.

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Università degli Studi di Firenze, Polo Scientifico, Laboratorio di Chimica Bioinorganica, Rm. 188, Via della Lastruccia 3, 50019 Sesto Fiorentino (Florence), Italy.


The α-carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC from the newly discovered thermophilic bacterium Sulfurihydrogenibium yellowstonense YO3AOP1 (SspCA) was investigated for its inhibition with a large series of sulfonamides and a sulfamate, the classical inhibitors of these zinc enzymes. SspCA showed an inhibition profile with these compounds very similar to that of the predominant human cytosolic isoform hCA II, and not to that of the bacterial α-CA from Helicobacter pylori. Some clinically used drugs such as acetazolamide, methazolamide, ethoxzolamide, dichlorophenamide, dorzolamide, brinzolamide, topiramate, celecoxib and sulthiame were low nanomolar SspCA/hCA II inhibitors (KIs in the range of 4.5-12.3nM) whereas simple aromatic/heterocyclic sulfonamides were less effective, micromolar inhibitors. As this highly catalytically active and thermostable enzyme may show biotechnological applications, its inhibition studies may be relevant for designing on/off systems to control its activity.

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