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Br J Haematol. 2012 Oct;159(1):94-103. doi: 10.1111/bjh.12004. Epub 2012 Aug 9.

Indications for a protective function of beta2-glycoprotein I in thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura.

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1
Clinical Chemistry and Haematology, University Medical Centre, Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Abstract

It has been shown that β(2) -glycoprotein I (β(2) GPI) interacts with von Willebrand factor (VWF) in a glycoprotein (GP)Ib binding state. Given the presence of active VWF multimers in thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (TTP), we speculated that β(2) GPI might play a role in TTP. We found that β(2) GPI plasma levels were significantly lower in acute and remission TTP patients than in normal controls, showing a direct correlation with ADAMTS 13 levels and an inverse correlation with the extent of VWF activation. In vitro flow experiments demonstrated that β(2) GPI can block platelet adhesion to endothelial cell-derived VWF strings. We confirmed the direct binding of β(2) GPI to VWF by surface plasmon resonance, and determined that domain I of β(2) GPI is the binding site of VWF A1 domain. Adhesion of β(2) GPI to erythrocytes and platelets was increased in the presence of active VWF, indicating that β(2) GPI may be cleared from the circulation during TTP episodes together with blood cells. Our findings suggest that β(2) GPI may protect from the effects of hyper-functional VWF by inhibiting its interaction with platelets.

PMID:
22881339
DOI:
10.1111/bjh.12004
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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