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PLoS One. 2012;7(8):e42345. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042345. Epub 2012 Aug 3.

Fractionated therapy of HER2-expressing breast and ovarian cancer xenografts in mice with targeted alpha emitting 227Th-DOTA-p-benzyl-trastuzumab.

Author information

1
Department of Radiation Biology, Institute for Cancer Research, Oslo University, Hospital - The Norwegian Radium Hospital, Oslo, Norway. Helen.Heyerdahl@rr-research.no

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study was to investigate therapeutic efficacy and normal tissue toxicity of single dosage and fractionated targeted alpha therapy (TAT) in mice with HER2-expressing breast and ovarian cancer xenografts using the low dose rate radioimmunoconjugate (227)Th-DOTA-p-benzyl-trastuzumab.

METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS:

Nude mice carrying HER2-overexpressing subcutaneous SKOV-3 or SKBR-3 xenografts were treated with 1000 kBq/kg (227)Th-trastuzumab as single injection or four injections of 250 kBq/kg with intervals of 4-5 days, 2 weeks, or 4 weeks. Control animals were treated with normal saline or unlabeled trastuzumab. In SKOV-3 xenografts tumor growth to 10-fold size was delayed (p<0.01) and survival with tumor diameter less than 16 mm was prolonged (p<0.05) in all TAT groups compared to the control groups. No statistically significant differences were seen among the treated groups. In SKBR-3 xenografts tumor growth to 10-fold size was delayed in the single injection and 4-5 days interval groups (p<0.001) and all except the 4 weeks interval TAT group showed improved survival to the control groups (p<0.05). Toxicity was assessed by blood cell counts, clinical chemistry measurements and body weight. Transient reduction in white blood cells was seen for the single injection and 4-5 days interval groups (p<0.05). No significant changes were seen in red blood cells, platelets or clinical chemistry parameters. Survival without life threatening loss of body weight was significantly prolonged in 4 weeks interval group compared to single injection group (p<0.05) for SKOV-3 animals and in 2 weeks interval group compared with the 4-5 days interval groups (p<0.05) for SKBR-3 animals.

CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE:

The same concentration of radioactivity split into several fractions may improve toxicity of (227)Th-radioimmunotherapy while the therapeutic effect is maintained. Thus, it might be possible to increase the cumulative absorbed radiation dose to tumor with acceptable toxicity by fractionation of the dosage.

PMID:
22879947
PMCID:
PMC3411767
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0042345
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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