Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2012 Aug 28;109(35):14122-7. doi: 10.1073/pnas.1204032109. Epub 2012 Aug 9.

Activation of the noncanonical NF-κB pathway by HIV controls a dendritic cell immunoregulatory phenotype.

Author information

1
Cancer Institute, New York University Langone Medical Center, New York, NY 10016, USA.

Abstract

HIV modulates plasmacytoid dendritic cell (pDC) activation via Toll-like receptor 7, inducing type I IFN and inflammatory cytokines. Simultaneously, pDCs up-regulate the expression of indoleamine 2,3 dioxygenase (IDO), which is essential for the induction of regulatory T cells (Tregs), which function to down-modulate immune activation. Here we demonstrate the crucial importance of the noncanonical NF-κB pathway in the establishment of this immunoregulatory phenotype in pDCs. In response to HIV, the noncanonical NF-κB pathway directly induces IDO and involves the recruitment of TNF receptor-associated factor-3 to the Toll-like receptor/MyD88 complex, NF-κB-inducing kinase-dependent IκB kinase-α activation, and p52/RelB nuclear translocation. We also show that pDC-induced Tregs can inhibit conventional DC (cDC) maturation partially through cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen (CTLA)-4 engagement. Furthermore, CTLA-4 induces IDO in cDCs in a NF-κB-inducing kinase-dependent way. These CTLA-4-conditioned cDCs can in turn induce Treg differentiation in an IDO-dependent manner. Thus, the noncanonical NF-κB pathway is integral in controlling immunoregulatory phenotypes of both pDCs and cDCs.

PMID:
22879398
PMCID:
PMC3435221
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.1204032109
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Publication types, MeSH terms, Substances, Grant support

Publication types

MeSH terms

Substances

Grant support

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center