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Biosci Biotechnol Biochem. 2012;76(8):1506-10. Epub 2012 Aug 7.

The respiratory system of the piezophile Photobacterium profundum SS9 grown under various pressures.

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Department of Chemistry, College of Humanities and Sciences, Nihon University, Tokyo 156-8550, Japan.


It is known that the facultative piezophile Shewanella violacea DSS12 alters its respiratory components under the influence of hydrostatic pressure during growth. This can be considered one of the mechanisms of bacterial adaptation to high pressure. In this study, we investigated the respiratory system of another well-studied piezophile, Photobacterium profundum SS9. We analyzed cytochrome contents, the expression of genes encoding respiratory components in P. profundum SS9 grown under various conditions, and the pressure dependency of the terminal oxidase activities. Activity was more tolerant of relatively high pressures, such as 125 MPa when the cells were grown under high pressure as compared with cells grown under atmospheric pressure. Such properties observed are similar to the case of S. violacea. However, the contents of the cytochromes and expression of the respiratory genes were not influenced by growth pressure in P. profundum SS9, inconsistent with the case of S. violacea. We suggest that the mechanism of the piezoadaptation of the respiratory system of P. profundum SS9 differs from that of S. violacea, as described above, and that each strain chooses its own strategy.

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