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Life Sci. 2012 Sep 17;91(7-8):284-92. doi: 10.1016/j.lfs.2012.07.030. Epub 2012 Aug 1.

Cannabidiol treatment ameliorates ischemia/reperfusion renal injury in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Sciences, Pharmacology Division, College of Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. amrfouad65@yahoo.com

Abstract

AIMS:

To investigate the protective effect of cannabidiol, the major non-psychotropic Cannabis constituent, against renal ischemia/reperfusion injury in rats.

MAIN METHODS:

Bilateral renal ischemia was induced for 30 min followed by reperfusion for 24h. Cannabidiol (5mg/kg, i.v.) was given 1h before and 12h following the procedure.

KEY FINDINGS:

Ischemia/reperfusion caused significant elevations of serum creatinine and renal malondialdehyde and nitric oxide levels, associated with a significant decrease in renal reduced glutathione. Cannabidiol significantly attenuated the deterioration in the measured biochemical parameters induced by ischemia/reperfusion. Histopathological examination showed that cannabidiol ameliorated ischemia/reperfusion-induced kidney damage. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that cannabidiol significantly reduced the expression of inducible nitric oxide synthase, tumor necrosis factor-α, cyclooxygenase-2, nuclear factor-κB, Fas ligand and caspase-3, and increased the expression of survivin in ischemic/reperfused kidney tissue.

SIGNIFICANCE:

Cannabidiol, via its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties, may represent a potential therapeutic option to protect against ischemia/reperfusion renal injury.

PMID:
22877651
DOI:
10.1016/j.lfs.2012.07.030
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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