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Prion. 2012 Sep-Oct;6(4):346-9. doi: 10.4161/pri.21023. Epub 2012 Aug 9.

Generation of a novel murine model of Aβ deposition based on the expression of human wild-type amyloid precursor protein gene.

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  • 1Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine and Indiana Alzheimer Disease Center, Indianapolis, IN, USA.


Mouse models of Alzheimer disease (AD) have been generated based on Amyloid-β Precursor Protein (AβPP) and the Presenilin (PSEN) gene mutations associated with familial AD (FAD). Such models have provided valuable insights into AD pathogenesis and represent an important research tool for the discovery of potential treatments. To model amyloid deposition in AD, we generated a new mouse line based on the presence of two copies of the genomic region encoding human wild-type AβPP as well as a mutation (L166P) in the murine Psen1. By ~6 months of age, these mice have begun to develop cerebral Aβ pathology with a significant increase in the levels of AβPP C-terminal fragments and Aβ42, as well as increase Aβ42/Aβ40 ratio. Since in the brain and other tissues of these mice, wild-type human AβPP mRNA and protein levels are comparable to those of endogenous AβPP, this model may allow studies about the role of AβPP isoforms in the pathogenesis of AD. This animal model may be suitable to test drugs aimed at inhibiting expression or altering splicing and processing of AβPP, without artifacts associated with the presence of mutations in AβPP or overexpression due to the use of exogenous promoters. These features of the new model are of critical importance in assessing the success of therapeutic interventions.

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