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Public Health Nutr. 2013 Apr;16(4):639-44. doi: 10.1017/S1368980012003175. Epub 2012 Jul 5.

Proposal for a Breakfast Quality Index (BQI) for children and adolescents.

Author information

1
Department of Nutrition and Food Science, University of Granada, Campus de Cartuja s/n, E-18071 Granada, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To propose and apply an instrument to assess the breakfast quality of children and adolescents in the Mediterranean area.

DESIGN:

Randomized, cross-sectional survey of breakfast consumption using a validated semi-quantitative FFQ administered at school by trained dietitians between Tuesday and Friday. A Breakfast Quality Index (BQI) score was developed, assigning a positive value to the consumption of cereals, fruit, vegetables, dairy products, MUFA, Ca and compliance with energy recommendations, and to the absence of SFA and trans-rich fats. Data were analysed by Student's t test and ANOVA.

SETTING:

Schools in Granada and Balearic Islands (Spain).

SUBJECTS:

All schoolchildren (n 4332) aged 8-17 years at randomly selected and representative schools between 2006 and 2008, stratified by age and sex.

RESULTS:

Breakfast was not consumed by 6·5 % of participants. BQI score was highest for children aged 7-9 years and decreased with age (P = 0·001). Females scored higher in all age groups. The lowest score was in males aged 14-17 years and the highest in females aged 7-9 years (P = 0·006).

CONCLUSIONS:

The proposed BQI appears useful to estimate the breakfast quality of schoolchildren and to form a basis for nutrition education.

PMID:
22874533
DOI:
10.1017/S1368980012003175
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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