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J Womens Health (Larchmt). 2012 Nov;21(11):1132-8. doi: 10.1089/jwh.2011.3418. Epub 2012 Aug 8.

Cervical cancer screening in the United States, 1993-2010: characteristics of women who are never screened.

Author information

1
Center for Urban Population Health, Milwaukee, WI 53233, USA. chen25@wisc.edu

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Regular Pap test screening has contributed to decreasing cervical cancer incidence and mortality over the past decades, yet half of the women diagnosed with cervical cancer have never had a Pap test. Our study aims to examine the cervical cancer screening rate, identify socioeconomic and demographic risk factors associated with adult women who have never had a Pap test, and examine the relationship of screening with use of related health services.

METHODS:

Using Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System data (1993-2010), a multivariable survey logistic regression model was fitted to estimate odds ratios for associations between risk factors and the outcome of never screened.

RESULTS:

Between 1993 and 2010, 81.3% of respondents reported they had a Pap test within 3 years; 6.2% were never screened. For women who had a recent checkup, 5.5% were never screened. Among women who had a hysterectomy, 69.4% had a Pap test within 3 years. The multivariable analysis showed that age, race/ethnicity, education, annual household income, never married, and currently uninsured were significantly (p<0.001) associated with never screened.

CONCLUSIONS:

Screening programs accompanied by adequate treatment options should target women at high risk for never being screened, which could decrease cervical cancer incidence and mortality.

PMID:
22873781
DOI:
10.1089/jwh.2011.3418
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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