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Int J Pharm. 2012 Oct 15;436(1-2):652-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ijpharm.2012.07.054. Epub 2012 Jul 31.

Phase behavior of itraconazole-phenol mixtures and its pharmaceutical applications.

Author information

1
School of Pharmacy, Sungkyunkwan University, 300 Cheoncheon-dong, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Gyeonggi-do 440-746, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

The aims of this study were to examine the phase behavior of itraconazole-phenol mixtures and assess the feasibility of topical formulations of itraconazole using eutectic mixture systems. Itraconazole-phenol eutectic mixtures were characterized using differential scanning calorimetry, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, (1)H-nuclear magnetic resonance, and powder X-ray diffractometry. The skin permeation rates of itraconazole-phenol eutectic formulations were determined using Franz diffusion cells fitted with excised hairless mouse skins. Itraconazole can form eutectic compounds with phenol, and the hydrogen-bonding interactions between the carbonyl group in the itraconazole and hydroxyl group in phenol play a major role in itraconazole-phenol eutectic formation. Despite its high molecular weight and hydrophobicity, the drug (i.e., itraconazole) can be permeated through excised hairless mouse skins from itraconazole-phenol eutectic formulations. The findings of this study emphasize the capabilities of the topical application of itraconazole via external preparations.

PMID:
22871560
DOI:
10.1016/j.ijpharm.2012.07.054
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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