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J Clin Virol. 2012 Nov;55(3):239-43. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2012.07.008. Epub 2012 Aug 4.

Evaluation of Sofia fluorescent immunoassay analyzer for influenza A/B virus.

Author information

1
Department of Laboratory Medicine, Brain Korea 21 Graduate School of Medicine, College of Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea. cklee@korea.ac.kr

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The influenza virus causes seasonal epidemics which are associated with high morbidity and mortality. Rapid diagnostics tests (RDT) are frequently used to make a quick influenza diagnosis to confirm the clinical suspicion, despite their low sensitivity.

OBJECTIVES:

Assess the performance of the Sofia Influenza A+B Fluorescence Immunoassay (Quidel, San Diego, CA).

STUDY DESIGN:

Nasopharyngeal swabs, taken from 241 patients (influenza A (n=73)/B (n=72), negative samples (n=96)) were analyzed using the Sofia Influenza A+B Fluorescence Immunoassay, BinaxNOW Influenza A/B antigen kit (Alere Inc., USA), Directigen EZ Flu A and B (Becton Dickinson, USA), real-time RT-PCR and an influenza virus culture.

RESULTS:

There was a significant difference between the performance of rapid antigen tests and the Sofia FIA, when compared to the RT-PCR, in the detection of influenza strain A and B. Indeed, the Sofia FIA displayed sensitivities of 82.2% and 77.8% for strains A and B respectively, whereas sensitivities of BinaxNOW Influenza A/B antigen kit, and Directigen Flu A and B were 54.8%, and 68.5% for influenza A, and 62.5%, and 52.8% for influenza B respectively. The average RT-PCR threshold cycle (C(t)) (±SD) for the Sofia Influenza A+B Fluorescence Immunoassay-positive specimens was higher than those of the BinaxNOW Influenza A/B antigen and the Directigen EZ Flu A and B kit positive specimens.

CONCLUSION:

Compared to other RDTs, the Sofia Influenza A+B Fluorescence Immunoassay is a sensitive, and rapid method for the detection and discrimination between influenza A and B.

PMID:
22871494
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcv.2012.07.008
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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