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Z Kinder Jugendpsychiatr Psychother. 2012 Sep;40(5):331-7; quiz 338-9. doi: 10.1024/1422-4917/a000190.

[Addictive internet use as a comorbid disorder among clients of an adolescent psychiatry - prevalence and psychopathological symptoms].

[Article in German]

Author information

1
Klinik und Poliklinik für Psychosomatische Medizin und Psychotherapie, Grüsser-Sinopoli-Ambulanz für Spielsucht Universitätsmedizin der Johannes Gutenberg-Universität, Mainz. muellka@uni-mainz.de

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

Excessive and addictive internet use fulfilling criteria of nonsubstance related addiction disorder is increasingly being discussed by scientists and clinicians alike. Its prevalence of about 3 % among minors points to a relatively frequent phenomenon that can lead to functional impairment and distress. However, there is still no evidence concerning its prevalence among underaged patients in psychiatric treatment.

METHODS:

81 patients between the age of 8 and 17 years were screened by a standardized instrument for internet addiction (AICA-S) to assess the prevalence of internet addiction among minors being treated in psychiatric inpatient settings. Their clinical symptoms were examined using Youth Self-Report and Child Behavior Checklist.

RESULTS:

11.3 % of the patients fulfilled the criteria of addictive internet use. These patients were older and more often affected by anxiety and depression than patients without internet addiction.

CONCLUSIONS:

Data suggest that internet addiction is a relevant factor among minors in psychiatric institutions. Those with comorbid internet addiction show distinct patterns of psychopathology and may require disorder-specific treatment.

PMID:
22869227
DOI:
10.1024/1422-4917/a000190
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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