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Arthritis Rheum. 1979 Nov;22(11):1284-94.

Sex hormone production and action.

Abstract

The mechanisms of the production of estrogens and androgens in women and men are reviewed. Extraglandular estrogen formation from circulating androgens is the principal source of estrogen in men and postmenopausal women. The amount of estrogen formed is dependent upon precursor availability and metabolic factors, such as obesity and hepatic disease. Both androgens and estrogens in the circulation of humans are bound to sex hormone binding globulin which limits their availability to target cell receptors.

PMID:
228677
DOI:
10.1002/art.1780221117
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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