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J Anim Sci. 1990 Dec;68(12):4134-43.

Growth and metabolism in somatotropin-treated steers: I. Growth, serum chemistry and carcass weights.

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1
Dept. of Anim. Sci., Univ. of Hawaii, Manoa.

Abstract

Growth, feed conversion, serum chemistry and gross slaughter characteristics were determined in 20 steers (initially 9 mo of age, 231 +/- 18 kg) receiving daily injections of either saline (S) or recombinantly derived bovine somatotropin (rBST, 20.6 mg/d) for 112 d. Live weight gains were 15% greater for steers treated with rBST than for those treated with S. Feed intake was not different between S- and rBST-treated steers; thus, feed conversion was 12% more efficient in rBST steers. Scanogram backfat measurements were not affected by treatments. Serum electrolytes, protein, glucose and most enzyme activities were similar in S and rBST steers. Serum urea, creatinine and cholesterol (toward the end of treatment) concentrations, however, were lower (P less than .05) in rBST steers, suggesting that nitrogen retention was increased and lipid turnover was decreased by rBST. Total (P less than .1) and conjugated (P less than .05) bilirubin concentrations and glutamate-pyruvate transaminase activity (P less than .05) were lower in rBST steers. Carcass weights were not altered, but dressing percentages were lower (P less than .05) in rBST steers. This indicated that weight gain response to rBST was primarily in noncarcass components; further examination showed that this gain was predominantly in gut fill (approximately 2/3 of the greater live weight gain in rBST steers). Alternative protocols, such as administering the hormone to younger animals and (or) for a longer duration, may be necessary in order to achieve desirable responses in carcass growth.

PMID:
2286555
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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