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Demography. 2012 Nov;49(4):1385-405. doi: 10.1007/s13524-012-0123-y.

Is biology destiny? Birth weight and differential parental treatment.

Author information

1
Department of Sociology, Queens College, City University of New York, NY, USA. amy.hsin@qc.cuny.edu

Abstract

Time diaries of sibling pairs from the PSID-CDS are used to determine whether maternal time investments compensate for or reinforce birth-weight differences among children. The findings demonstrate that the direction and degree of differential treatment vary by mother's education. Less-educated mothers devote more total time and more educationally oriented time to heavier-birth-weight children, whereas better-educated mothers devote more total and more educationally oriented time to lower-birth-weight children. The compensating effects observed among highly educated mothers are substantially larger than the reinforcing effects among the least-educated mothers. The findings show that families redistribute resources in ways that both compensate for and exacerbate early-life disadvantages.

PMID:
22865101
PMCID:
PMC4860724
DOI:
10.1007/s13524-012-0123-y
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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