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Mol Cell. 2012 Sep 28;47(6):980-6. doi: 10.1016/j.molcel.2012.06.035. Epub 2012 Aug 2.

RNase H2-initiated ribonucleotide excision repair.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biophysics, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA.

Abstract

Ribonucleotides are incorporated into DNA by the replicative DNA polymerases at frequencies of about 2 per kb, which makes them by far the most abundant form of potential DNA damage in the cell. Their removal is essential for restoring a stable intact chromosome. Here, we present a complete biochemical reconstitution of the ribonucleotide excision repair (RER) pathway with enzymes purified from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. RER is most efficient when the ribonucleotide is incised by RNase H2, and further excised by the flap endonuclease FEN1 with strand displacement synthesis carried out by DNA polymerase δ, the PCNA clamp, its loader RFC, and completed by DNA ligase I. We observed partial redundancy for several of the enzymes in this pathway. Exo1 substitutes for FEN1 and Pol ε for Pol δ with reasonable efficiency. However, RNase H1 fails to substitute for RNase H2 in the incision step of RER.

PMID:
22864116
PMCID:
PMC3470915
DOI:
10.1016/j.molcel.2012.06.035
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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