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Nepal J Ophthalmol. 2012 Jul-Dec;4(2):248-55. doi:

Phacoemulsification surgery by a nationally-trained cataract surgeon of Nepal.

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Tilganga Institute of Ophthalmology, Gaushala, Kathmandu.



A one month phacoemulsification training course had been implemented by the Nepal Netra Jyoti Sangh (NNJS) in collaboration with Association for Ophthalmic Cooperation to Asia, Japan (AOCA).


To evaluate the visual outcomes of phacoemulsification surgery by a nationally trained surgeon in Nepal.


A retrospective study of patients that underwent phacoemulsification with foldable intraocular lens implantation during a period of 18 months was carried out. Cases that had a six-week follow-up period were included. Effective phaco time (EPT), intra-operative and postoperative complications were noted. Uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA) at day 1 and best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) at week 6 were noted. The data were analyzed using SPSS 11.5.


A total of172 patients that had completed a 6 week follow-up evaluation were included in the study. The mean age of patients was 57.12±10.19 years. The mean effective phaco time (EPT) was 9.74±7.41 seconds. Posterior capsule rupture (PCR) with vitreous loss occurred in 2 eyes (1.2%), Descemet's membrane detachment in 1 eye (0.6%), capsulorhexis extension in 1 eye (0.6%) and wound site thermal injury (WSTI) occurred in 3 eyes (1.7%). Postoperative complications were mild to moderate striate keratopathy (9/ 172), corneal edema (1/172), corneal epithelial defect (1/172) and uveitis (1/172). At 6 weeks post-operatively, 165 eyes (95.9%) had a BCVA better than 6/18 and 7 eyes (4.1%) had a BCVA of 6/18 to 6/60.


Patients undergoing phacoemulsification had a good visual outcome as a result of the procedure performed by cataract surgeon trained from AOCA/NNJS national phacoemulsification training program of Nepal.

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