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Genomics. 1990 Nov;8(3):583-5.

Analysis of mitochondrial ND4 gene DNA sequence in Finnish families with Leber hereditary optic neuroretinopathy.

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Department of Medical Genetics, University of Turku, Finland.


A mutation in the mitochondrial DNA at nt 11,778 has recently been found in Leber hereditary optic neuroretinopathy (LHON), a maternally inherited ocular disease. The mutation is located in the ND4 gene encoding subunit 4 of the respiratory chain enzyme NADH dehydrogenase. The mutation was subsequently not found in 9 of the 20 known Finnish families with LHON, implying that there are at least two different mutations associated with the disease. Using direct sequencing of PCR-amplified mtDNA, we have now sequenced the entire ND4 region in the families without the nt 11,778 mutation to find the other mutations. No new mutations in the ND4 region were found, suggesting that the putative mtDNA mutation in these families may be in the coding regions for other subunits of NADH dehydrogenase enzyme. The sequence of ND4 gene as found to be highly homogeneous.

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